About the Bibliography - (Edition 6.0, September, 2016)

The purpose of this bibliography is to facilitate access to the vast heritage of published geological studies in Indonesia and the surrounding SE Asia - Pacific regions. Many workers in the region are unaware of how extensive the amount of published data for the region is.

The target is to include all papers that are relevant to the understanding of Indonesia geology, regardless of date of publication (~1850 - 2016), place of publication, or language. Only very few papers that are clearly outdated, irrelevant or redundant were deliberately omitted.

The first edition of this bibliography was published in digital format as a 700-page addendum to: J.T. van Gorsel (2009)- A bibliography and brief history of Indonesia geology literature. Proc. 33rd Ann. Conv. Indonesian Petroleum Association, Jakarta 2009, vol.1, p. 429-460 (CD-ROM edition). A second edition was printed in limited edition by ExxonMobil in 2010. The 3rd edition (1099p.) first went online in May 2011; followed by editions 4 (1253 p.; November 2011), 4.1 (1381 p.; July 2012) and 5 (1655 p.; October 2013). This current Edition 6.0 with ~2200 pages and 19,400 title is another major update, with >3150 new title, >1500 new links, expanded annotation, corrections and reduction of duplicates.

This compilation may be quoted as: J.T. van Gorsel (2016) - Bibliography of the Geology of Indonesia and surrounding areas, Edition 6.0, 2201 p. (online publication at

What is Included

* All identified papers on: Regional geology, Tectonics, Stratigraphy, Sedimentology, Petrography, Paleontology/ Biostratigraphy, Paleobiogeography, Hydrocarbons, Coal, etc.
* Papers describing general trends in: Volcanism (but not individual volcanoes or eruptions), Earthquakes (but not individual events), Economic minerals, Hominid evolution, etc.

What is not included

* Generally not captured are papers on: geothermal energy, archeology, hydrology, petroleum and mining engineering, detailed geological and geophysical modeling, economic analyses, tools and methods, tsunamis and other natural disasters.
* Conference abstracts are not included, unless they contain specific information or ideas not published elsewhere.
* Papers in which localities were disguised beyond recognition for confidentialitiy reasons.
* Reports and studies that are not in the public domain, but are held in government and industry files (although some of this is held in open file at the Geological Survey in Bandung, some can be purchased or licensed from government agencies or service companies, but much remains inaccessible to the general public).


* ‘Traditional’ bibliography format, with papers listed alphabetically by region or by subject.
* Titles are classified primarily by area (for instance, a paper entitled ‘Coal from SW Java’ will be under ‘Java’, not under ‘Coal’), and is generally not duplicated if applicable to multiple categories.
* Papers classified under a specific theme generally cover multiple areas.
* General geology papers and regional tectonics syntheses will be under ‘Regional’


Many papers are annotated with a summary of key points. Due to time constraints this could not be completed for all papers yet. Absence of annotation does not mean that the paper is less important.

Geographic Names

Many of the geographic names used in this listing are not necessarily the currently politically correct names, but are names used at the time of publication or are names of popular usage or geographic convenience. Names like Borneo (Kalimantan + Sarawak + Brunei), New Guinea  (West Papua and Papua New Guinea) and Timor (Indonesian Timor and Timor Leste) are used in a geographic sense, and straddle political boundaries.


This is not a data base, attributed with keywords and can therefore not be searched by topic. However, the Edit/Search function in PDF Reader can help locate authors or subjects in titles or annotation.


Ownership rights of this bibliography remain with the author. Downloads are free, but are intended for personal use only, and should not be distributed for commercial purposes.


Special thanks to Monash University (Melbourne) Library system for access to much of the international literature.

Thank you to the following people for providing additional references and copies of papers (in alphabetical order):

Thanks also to Debbie Gilbert for website construction and maintenance.

Common abbreviations

The meaning of abbreviations used in the bibliography should generally be clear from its context. In case it is not, here is a listing of the most frequently used abbreviations:

Stratigraphic Units

Fm = Formation, Mb = Member, Gp = Group, Lw = Lower, M = Middle U = Upper, E = Early, Lt = Late


N, S, E, W = North, South, East, West, C = Central

Geographic terms

Mts. = Mountains, R. = River


Lst = Limestone, Sst = Sandstone


T = Temperate (C = Celsius/ centigrade, F = Fahrenheit); P = pressure


My = Million years, Ma = Millions of years ago, ky = thousand years, ka = thousands of years ago, yr = year


m = meter, km = kilometer


CW= Clockwise, CCW = Counterclockwise


J= Journal, p. = page

Last Updated - September, 2016 | ©2011